The Special Education: Mental Retardation test measures your knowledge according to the Arizona Academic Standards. Success on the test indicates that you are qualified to teach this subject in Arizona public schools. The test content is drawn from four subareas based on AEPA learning objectives: Understanding Students with Mental Retardation (22% of the test); Assessing Students and Developing Individualized Education Programs (17%); Promoting Student Development and Learning (39%); and Working in a Collaborative Learning Community (22%).
Test-takers should have knowledge of each of these areas; for example, they should know types and characteristics of disabilities and mental retardation, as well as their relation to learning, development, and life roles. They should know fundamentals of assessing students with mental retardation and the development and implementation of education programs for such students (including program and service delivery options). The test requires knowledge of establishing a learning environment that facilitates transitions from school to adult life and that promotes social competence and other skills (e.g., communication, academic, and functional skills). Lastly, test-takers should know how to establish partnerships within schools and outside them; the final subarea also covers the history, philosophy, roles, and legal and ethical issues relevant to special education.
AEPA Special Education: Mental Retardation Practice Questions
Special Education: Mental Retardation
1. What is the name of the federal program designed to assist students who score below the fiftieth percentile of a standardized test?
A: No Child Left Behind Act
B: Section 504
C: Chapter XI
D: Title One
2. An individual with an IQ between 35 and 49 is considered to be _____ mentally retarded.
3. What is the name for oxygen deprivation that can result in brain damage?
4. Collectively, the brain and the spinal cord are known as the _____.
A: autonomic nervous system
B: comprehensive nervous system
C: central nervous system
D: peripheral nervous system
5. Which of the following symptoms is NOT associated with fetal alcohol syndrome?
A: low birth weight
B: facial deformation
C: mental retardation
D: liver damage
1. D. Title One is the first and most important part of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
2. A. The gradations of mental retardation are as follows: mild (IQ 50-75); moderate (IQ 35-55); severe (IQ 20-40); and profound (IQ below 20).
3. B. Partial oxygen deprivation is known as hypoxia.
4. C. The spinal cord delivers information to the brain and transmits the brain’s commands to the rest of the body.
5. D. Children with fetal alcohol syndrome have a specific facial shape: small eyes, drooping eyelids, and a small, upturned nose.